Digital libraries

On this page you will find a collection of links to digital libraries – in the sense of digitized library collections – with a special interest for legal history. Ordering them by country is a random affair, in particular when modern borders do not fit with historical frontiers. The links collections on the pages for the different law systems mention relevant digital libraries. On the page for common law you will find extensive information for the United Kingdom, here you will find a number of genreal digital libraries. The Netherlands and Belgium, too, are treated more extensively on the page for Old Dutch Law. Materials concerning legal history are of course present elsewhere, too. Currently this page contains information for around one hundred countries with a clear focus on digital libraries historical collections. Additions and corrections are not only welcome, but really necessary.

The section Other libraries is a first small effort to guide you to collections for legal history for a number of topics and countries in more general digital libraries. Websites for constitutions, treaties and international projects are dealt with in a separate section, with special attention for Asia. The information presented here focuses on freely accessible materials. Major scientific libraries offer access to subscribed websites and databases, often even accessible at home for card holders.

However incomplete these listings are, it is most practical to arrange them along the continents, in alphabetical order Africa, America, Asia, the Middle EastAustralia and Europe. This arrangement shows the gaps or absence of resources more clearly. It should work also as an invitation to submit suggestions.

For tracking official gazettes the Foreign Official Gazette Database (Center for Research Libraries, Chicago, IL) even though ot updated since 2007 is very helpful. CRL has digitized also rare African, Iraqi and iranian gazettes. In some cases older editions have been digitized at the websites for current gazettes which can be found using portals for contemporary law such as Globalex and the World Legal Information Institute. Sometimes the overview at Government Gazettes Online will help you; the list at the English Wikipedia is also helpful. You can also try the Foreign Official Government Gazettes Database (IALS, School of Advanced Studies, London). Another important overview with links to online versions of current gazettes is the Gazette Collection of the Library of Congress. The Law Library of the Library of Congress is the largest law library of the world, with often uniquely rich holdings for many countries. A number of rare gazettes has been digitized, some foreign websites for gazttes have been archived. For Latin America you might want to look at the Red de Boletinos Oficiales Americanos. The Digital South Asia Lbrary (University of Chicago) offers the International Union LIst of South Asian Newsepapers and Gazettes. Harvard Law School Library has digitized a number of issues of official gazettes from some countries in Africa and South-East Asia. Here I aim at mentioning those gazettes for which you can find historical issues online.

I have started to include here also digitized parliamentary proceedings. Legal historians often deal with old books. Thus this page offers also some guidance to old printed books, including incunabula and blockbooks, both in online bibliographies and digital libraries. I mention also a number of online historical bibliographies for European countries. Digitized pamphlets are presented on a separate special page.


Some general digital libraries:







  • Bibliothèque numérique, Bibliothèque nationale du Royaume de Maroc, Rabat
  • Bibliothèque numérique, Fondation du roi Abdul-Aziz Al Saoud pour les études islamiques et les sciences humaines, Casablanca – with 470 lithographed books, and also digitized manuscripts and a small section Archives marocaines
  • Bulletin officiel, Royaume du Maroc – available in Arabic and French, there is a separate page for issues since 1912 of this gazette



  • Namibian Digital Archive, Polytechnic of Nambia, Utah Valley University and National Archives of Namibia – digitized archival collections, photographs, films and books



South Africa




General digital libraries




  • Digital collection, Bermuda National Library, Hamilton – mainly newspapers and periodicals






Costa Rica


  • Cuban law, Digital Library of the Caribbean
  • Colecciones digitales, Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí, Havana
  • Biblioteca Digital de Cuba – a portal with digitized materials from four institutions
  • Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries – several digital collections concerning the history of Cuba
  • Cuban Law, eCollections, Florida International University Law Library, Miami – a small but important digital collection with materials printed and used before 1961
  • Mario Diaz Cruz Collection, eCollections, Florida International University Law Library, Miami – materials collected by a prominent Cuban lawyer

Dominican Republic


  • Repositorio digital, Biblioteca Nacional de Ecuador, Quito – with for example historical newspapers and official gazettes
  • Bibiioteca Digital Ecuatoriana, Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de Ecuador (COBUEC) – a portal for digital collections at universities and the Biblioteca Nacional

El Salvador





  • Digital collections, National Library of Jamaica, Kingston – with for example collections about riots, rebellions and the slave trade
  • Government of Jamaica Dcuments, National Library of Jamaica – an online guide and digitized documents from 1960 onwards
  • Jamaica Law, University of the West Indies, Mona – four volumes of the Laws of Jamaica between 1906 and 1910


  • Banque Numérique des Patrimoines Martiniquais, Collectivité Territoriale de Martinique and Direction régionale des Affaires Culturelles – a portal for digitized cultural heritage with digitized civil records, archival records, images, archaeological objects and books; interface French and English



  • Leyes, gacetas y tratados, Biblioteca Enrique Bolaños – constitutions, constitutional law, the official gazette Gaceta – Diario official de Nicaragua (1952-), and legislation
  • Coleccion digital, Banco nacional de Nicaragua, Managua – in the corner Patrimoniales you will find a section Derecho




  • Biblioteca Virtual, Biblioteca Nacional del Perú, Lima
  • Archivo Digital de la Legislación en el Perú, Congreso de la República de Perú – the Leyes de Indias, constitutions and laws
  • Constituciones del Perú, Congreso de la República de Perú – constitutions from 1823 to 1993
  • Peru Collection, John Carter Brown Library – Internet Archive – more than 1,000 digitized early printed books
  • Biblioteca Indiana, Proyecto Estudios Indianos, Universidad de Pacifico, Lima and Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona – a small digital library with Early Modern books and a number of modern studies and editions; interface Spanish and English

Puerto Rico


The platform Delpher of the Dutch Royal Library contains more books about Suriname, newspapers published in Suriname and also official bulletins.

Trinidad and Tobago

United States of America




For some countries the Asian Legal Information Institute provides also historical information. Some digital libraries are concerned with several countries or a large region, in particular East Asia and South Asia:

  • Digital collections, CrossAsia, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin and Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg – eleven digitized collections at this portal for Asian studies
  • Digital South Asia Library, University of Chicago and CRL – also for maps and images, and for example the South Asian Union Catalogue, a historical bibliography of works printed since 1556, and a catalogue of 19th-century publications held at the Oriental and India Office Collections of the British Library
  • Digital South Asia, Universität Tübingen – with the Epigraphia Canatica
  • Literatur zu Süd-Asien, Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg – works from the eighteenth to the twentieth century
  • South Asia Open Archives, JSTOR and CRL – with currently some 26,000 publications in open access in thirteen languages, mainly materials from India
  • South East Asia Digital Library, Northern Illinois University – with also web directories
  • SouthEast Asian Images & Texts, University of Wisconsin – for Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and the Philippines
  • Hermann Gundert Portal, Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen – a digital collection with texts mainly from India in Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil , Kannada and other languages; interface German and English
  • Malay Concordance Project, Australian National University – a digital collection with 165 pre-modern texts from Malaysia and Indonesia
  • Asean Digital Library, National Library Board, Singapore, and Association of South East Asian Nations – a portal for several digital libvrary collections in South East Asia
  • South East-Asia in the Ming-Shi Lu, National University of Singapore – access to the 3,000 reference in the Chinese imperial chronicles
  • Ostasiatica, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz – this digital library covers Indonesia, China, Japan and other countries; do visit their portal and web guide CrossAsia
  • Ostasien, Digitale Sammlungen, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich – manuscripts and books from Korea, Japan and China (7th-19th century)
  • e-Asia Digital Library, University of Oregon – in particular for China, Japan and Korea
  • East Asia Library Digital Bookshelf, Princeton University Library – some 140 works, mainly from China
  • International Dunhuang Project, British Library – the BL leads an international consortium of major libraries for digitizing the manuscripts found at Dunhuang which pertain to the history of China, Tibet and other countries
  • Digital Himalaya, Cambridge University and University of British Columbia, Vancouver – a project concerning Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet and other countries
  • Tibetan Texts, Kern Institute and Leiden University Library – some 2,000 block prints and manuscripts, nearly 1,800 in open access
  • Digital Resources, American Oriental Society – a concise overview of major digital project sconcerning the ancient and modern Near East and Asia
  • Bibliothèque Numérique Asiatique / Asian Digital Library – Institut d’Asie Orientale, Lyon, and Université Aix-Marseille – digitized books, periodicals, theses, sound recordings and archival documents
  • Golden Collection of Eurasia, Library Assembly of Eurasia and Russian National Library – a project with cultural highlights from countries around and within the former Soviet Union

Middle East




  • Bibliotheca Khmerica, Bibliothèque nationale de Cambodge, Phnom Penh
  • Khmer Language Books, National Library of Cambodia and Digital Library for International Research (DLIR) – 171 items published between 1950 and 1973


Harvard University Library offers in its research guide for Chinese studies an overview of its rich digitized collections with Chinese books and other materials, some 9,600 items, also accessible through Harvard Digital Collections.

East Timor


Hong Kong








  • Digital Library of Lao Manuscripts, National Library of Laos, Universität Passau and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz – with also manuscripts concerning law










  • Qatar Digital Library, Qatar National Library – a general digital library about Arab history and culture



South Korea

Sri Lanka





Australia and New Zealand; Oceania


New Zealand



  • Europeana – not only a portal to digital libraries all over Europe, but also to archives, museums and audiovisual collections, and also for example newspapers
  • Early European Books – Chadwyck – in The Netherlands one has free access to digitized books from the Royal Library within this collection
  • Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Ost-Europa – sister organisations and their portals are listed by the German Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund
  • Project Runeberg – an online library for Scandinavian literature; interface English and Swedish
  • Post-Reformation Digital Library, Calvin College and Calvin Theological Seminary – a portal to digitized works by protestant authors in the Early Modern period
  • Universal Short Title Catalogue (USTC), University of St. Andrews – a portal describing books from the fifteenth century onwards until 1700, originally created for French books, with increasingly links to digital versions
  • Digitale Bibliothek, Digitales Forum Mittel- und Ost-Europa (DIFMOE) – with books about and from Riga, Pilzen, Brno, Bratislava and Košice; interface German, English, Czech and Slovakian
  • European History Primary Sources, European University Institute, Florence – an online database for searching digital collections of libraries, museums and archives; each project is briefly introduced and described
  • Gazettes européennes du 18e siècle – digitized newspapers, many of them in French, a number of them published in the Dutch Republic
  • Iurisprudentia, Universität Zürich – a digital library with works by nineteenth-century lawyers from Austria, Germany and Switzerland, with not only books, but also digitized letters and manuscripts; legislation and legal courts will get a place here, too
  • Fenno-Ugrica, Kansalliskirjasto, Helsinki – 1500 monographs, 110 newspapers and many hundred journals in Finno-Ugrian languages, and also six special collections, for example for Estonian and Yiddish; nterface Finnish, Russian and English
  • Central and Eastern European Library (CEEOL), Frankfurt am Main – a licensed portal with free search functionality and also books in open access; individual accounts can be opened


  • e-Albanica, Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë [National Library of Albania], Tirana


For Austria the portal RepÖstRG, Repertorium digitaler Quellen zur österreichischen Rechtsgeschichte in der Frühen Neuzeit, created by Heino Speer (Klagenfurt), offers you quick access to digitized legal sources and also scholarly literature.


  • Books of Belarus, 14-18th centuries, National Library of Belarus, Minsk – interface Belarussian, Russian and English
  • Monuments of Belarussian legal history, Pravo – a section of this portal for current law presents a selection of historical resources; interface Belarussian
  • Digital Library, Yakub Kolas Central Science Library, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk – a project with several collections for Early Modern printed books, and also manuscripts; interface Belarussian, Russian, Polish and English


  • Belgica, Royal Library, Brussels – a digital collection with books and images, maps and medals; interface in Dutch and French
  • BelgicaPress, Royal Library – Belgian newspapers; interface Dutch, French and English
  • BelgicaPeriodicals, KBR – Belgian periodicals; interface Dutch, French and English
  • Flandrica: Erfgoedbibliotheken online – six Flemish public libraries have partnered in this digital library with both books and manuscripts from Flanders’ cultural heritage
  • Gedigitaliseerde oude drukken, Erfgoedbibliotheek, Universiteit Antwerpen – nearly 1,900 works
  • Digitale bronnen, Amsad-ISG, Ghent – digitized reports, journals and newspapers concerning mainly Flemish social history and social movements
  • DONum BICfB – a portal to digitized books of Francophone universities in Belgium
  • Digital Heritage Online, Bibliotheken KU Leuven – with subcollections, for example for historic land registry and census reports
  • Lovaniensia, Special Collections, KU Leuven and Réserve patrimoine, UC Louvain – digitized Early Modern editions of works by famous professors and alumni of Leuven
  • Rechtsreeks / LigneDroit, Bibliotheken KU Leuven – a collection with digitized legal books, in particular some classic works, and journals on law from the twentieth century, partially in open access
  • ePatrimoine, DIAL.num, Université Catholique de Louvain – a portal to three collections
  • Galeries, Université de Liége – a modest name for a digital library with the Fonds précieux juridiques (XVIe-XIXe s.), including also law books for Liège and the Southern Netherlands, and digitized placards publiés dans la Principauté de Liège (ordinances)





Czech Republic



  • Digital Library, National Library of Estland – interface Estonian, English and Russian
  • DIGAR Eesti artiklid, National Library of Estland – digitized newspapers, journals and serials; interface Estonian, English and Russian
  • EEVA, Tartu University and Estonian Literature Museum – a digital library with texts up to the mid-nineteenth century; interface in Estonian, English, German and Russian
  • DSpace at Tartu University Library – in this digital repertory you can find also older books, especially in German and Russian


  • Doria, National Library of Finland – digitized books, maps, manuscripts and ephemera from numerous Finnish institutions; interface Finnish, Swedish and English
  • Digitaaliset aineistot, Kansalliskirjasto, Helsinki – the platform for digital collections of the Finnish National Library; interface Finnish, Swedish and English






  • Reglugerðasafn [Ordinances Archive] – ordinances since 1912
  • Handrit – digitized medieval manuscripts and old books of the Arnamagnaeanske Samling, Kopenhagen, the National and University Library and the Stofnun Árna Magnússonar, Reykjavik
  • Tímarit, National and University Library, Reykjavik – digitized journals from Iceland, Greenland and the Faroer, with for example the official gazette Tíðindi um stjórnarmálefni Íslands (1864-1874) and some years of its successor Stjórnartíðindi fyrir Ísland
  • Baekur, National and University Library, Reykjavik – digitized old books from Iceland, with for example the Lovsamling for Island, Jón Sigurðsson et alii (eds.) (21 vol., Kopenhagen 1853-1889), containing legislation and all kinds of legal documents between 1096 and 1874
  • Digital books, National and University Library, Reykjavik – Internet Archive – some 1,400 books
  • Islandica: A Series in Icelandic Studies, Cornell University – some modern and some older volumes in this book series have been digitized, in particular Halldór Hermannsson, The Ancient Laws of Norway and Iceland. A Bibliography (Ithaca, N.Y., 1911)

Ireland and Northern Ireland



  • Digital Library, National Library of Latvia – here also for example old maps and periodicals; interface Latvian and English
  • Gramatas, Latvijas Nacionālā Digitalā Bibliotēkā – interface Latvian, Russian and English





  • DigiVault, National Library of Malta – the general digital library of Malta



  • Digitalna biblioteka Crne Gore, Nacionalja Biblioteka Crne Gore Durde Crnojevic, Cetinje – with also some digitized archival records; interface Montenegrian and English


  • Delpher, Royal Library, The Hague – including works from the project Early Dutch Books Online (1780-1800), journals and newspapers, and also official gazettes as the Staatscourant and the Staatsblad, with their supplements (bijblad) and forerunners, including also gazettes for the Dutch Indies and Suriname – the Delpher collection within the Internet Archive contains only newspapers and official gazettes (mainly 1814-1850)
  • Staten-Generaal digitaal, Royal Library, The Hague – parliamentary documents, 1814-1995; alas the accompanying information has been removed at the transfer to a general Dutch portal for official governmental information in 2019
  • Beeldbank, Allard Pierson Museum / Bijzondere Collecties, Universiteit van Amsterdam – both books and manuscripts, see also the overview of image databases and digital collections
  • Beeldbank, Bibliotheek Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam – a simple name for a portal with digitized books, manuscripts, portrait paintings, Bible illustrations, maps and journals
  • Leesmuseum, Rozet, Bibliotheek Arnhem – in its digital library this public library has digitized also a number of legal works
  • Digitale collecties, Athenaeumbibliotheek, Deventer – a wide variety of works in this historical library
  • Digital Collections, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen – here in particular 127 Papyri Groninganae
  • Digitale Collectie, Tresoar, Leeuwarden – with for example some manuscripts concerning Old Frisian law and some court files of famous trials; a;as this link is out of service, at Collecties Tresoar currently only a few books and many thousand images are available
  • Digital Special Collections, Leiden University Library – a growing variety of digitized books, manuscripts and archival collections
  • Colonial Collection, Royal Tropical Institute – this digital collection contains some 1300 books and many scientific journals, many of them touch upon law and justice; since 2013 the collection is managed at Leiden
  • Project Digitalisering Erfgoed, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen – simple but effective access to digitized books with six alphabetical lists; there is now also a portal for the digital Bijzondere Collecties [Special Collections] with both manuscripts and books
  • Digitized Objects Special CollectionsBijzondere Collecties, Utrecht University Library
  • Dutch Government Publications, Internet Archive – apart from official publication you can find here the Staatsblad, the Staatscourant, the Tractatenblad (for treaties), parliamentary reports and much more

North Macedonia








  • Digital Library of Slovenia – the digital library of the National and University Library; interface Slovenian and English
  • Sistory Zgodovina Slovenije [Portal for Slovenian History] – with access to digitized archival collections, books and journals, including census records, official gazettes, parliamentary debates and legislation; interface Slovenian and English
  • Kamra: digitalarana kulturna dedišcina slovenskih pokrajin [Kamra, digitized cultural heritage of Slovenian regions] – a portal with mainly digital collections from a number of libraries; interface Slovenian, Hungarian, English and Italian




  • e-Helvetica, Swiss National Library, Bern – the beta-version of its digital library
  • Bibliothèque numérique RERO DOC – with an user interface in four languages
  • e-rara – a digital library portal for old editions, with a search interface in English, German and French
  • e-periodica, Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule, Zürich – a portal to digitized Swiss journals; interface German, English and French
  • – a portal for digitized Swiss newspapers; interface in four languages
  • Amtsdruckschriften, Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv, Bern – the Bundesblatt from 1848 onwards, diplomatic documents for 1848-1945, Bundesratsprotokolle 1848-1882, and the Amtliches Bulletin der Bundesversammlung 1971-1995
  • Verfassungsgeschichte, A. Tschentscher, Bern – Swiss constitutions and constitutional documents; there are also sections for the United Kingdom and the United States
  • Retrodigitized Journals – among these journals are the Gesetze, Dekrete und Verordnungen des Kanton Berns (1811-1993)
  • Sammlung Schweizerischer Rechtsquellen online (SSRQ), Rechtsquellenstiftung des Schweizerischen Juristenvereins – digitized versions of the earlier series with source editions; interface in German, French and Italian
  • Rechtsquellen Online, Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zürich – with more search functions than at SSRQ; interface German
  • DigiBern: Berne Kultur und Geschichte im Internet, Universitätsbibliothek Bern – with a section Gesetze und Verordnungen, there is also attention for the lawyer Eugen Huber
  • Biblioteca digitale del Cantone Ticino
  • Bodmer Lab, Fondation Martin Bodmer and Université de Genève – several digitized special collections
  • Patrinum, Réseau vaudois des bibliothèques – the digital library for cultural heritage of a number of libraries in the region around Lausanne; interface in four languages


 United Kingdom

Vatican City

  • DigiVatLib, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana – online catalogues and digital collections of an incomparable library

Other digital libraries and link collections

A number of digital libraries is concerned with constitutions in several European countries or even worldwide:

For treaties one can point to a number of good resources:

You can find a number of treaties – often translated into English – in Yale’s Avalon Project.

Some digital libraries are the fruit of international cooperation or cover several countries:

Here a number of other useful digital libraries:

A number of existing collection of links will guide you to many more digital libraries:

Bibliographies for legal history

Bibliographies for legal history come in various forms. Most often they refer to scolarly literature, but in some cases there are bibliographies tracing publications containing legislation and other primary sources. For older materials both genres can appear in a mixed form. Below I will mention a few examples of both types. When useful I mentioned them already for a particular country. This section is clearly under construction

Scholarly literature


  • Beale, J.H., Bibliography of early English law books (Cambridge, MA.,1926; reprint 1966) – supplement by R.B. Anderson (Cambridge, MA, 1943; reprint 1966).
  • Haiti Legal Bibliography, Library of Congress – a bibliography of sources for Haitian law; many items have been digitized by the Library of Congress
  • Bibliography of Early American Law, Morris L. Cohen (ed.) (6 vol., Buffalo, NY, 1998; supplement 2003)

Early printed works

For old legal books it is never too late to check the holdings of the Max-Planck-Institut für Rechtsgeschichte und Rechtstheorie in Frankfurt am Main and this institute’s catalogues of Early Modern editions created by Douglas Osler. You can consult online PDF’s of his Catalogue of books printed before 1801 in the legal historical section of the Biblioteca di Scienze Sociali dell’Università degli Studi di Firenze (2 vol., Florence 2005-2014; vol. 1, From the beginning of printing to 1600, vol. 2, 1600-1700). National bibliographies, bibliographies of legal books – e.g. the Bibliography of Early American Law by Morris L. Cohen (6 vol., Buffalo, NY, 1998; supplement 2003) – and special bibliographies for old editions can be most helpful, some of them are available online:

Outside Europe you can benefit for these online bibliographical resources:

Some other online resources in open access can be helpful, too. The Consortium of European Research Libraries (CERL) offers a number of online bibliographic databases, including the Heritage of the Printed Book (HPB) database for searching copies of Early Modern editions in European libraries and the bilingual portal Bibliopolis. Geschiedenis van het gedrukte boek in Nederland [Bibliopolis. History of the printed book in the Netherlands] offers much information on its subject. A new guide to resources is offered by Klaus Gantert, Handschriften, Inkunabeln, Alte Drucke – Informationsressourcen zu historischen Bibliotheksbeständen (Berlin-Boston 2019). The section Web Resources for the Rare Materials Cataloger of the RBMS is very practical for research. The guide to historical book collections by Bernhard Fabian, Handbuch der historischen Buchbestände in Deutschland, Österreich und Europa (Hildesheim 2003) is also accessible online.

For incunabula, books printed before 1501, the following websites provide ample information and help:

Blockbooks, books printed in the fifteenth century without moving types, have been in particular digitized in the following collections:

European historical bibliographies online

With the end in January 2021 to a useful portal presenting links to online historical bibliographies for twelve European countries, it seemed useful to create a succinctly commented list, currently for seventeen countries.

Eastern Europe

– Bibliotheks- und Bibliographie-Portal, Herder-Institut für historische Ostmitteleuropaforschung, Marburg – – publications since 1994
– The European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies (EBSEES) – – functioning between 1991 and 2007, no longer updated; interface English


– Österreichische Historische Bibliographie (ÖHB), Universität Klagenfurt – – from 1945 onwards


– Bibliografie van de Geschiedenis van België / Bibliographie de l’Histoire de Belgique (BGB-BHB) – – covers 1952-2008; interface Dutch, French and English
– BGB-BHB, Archives de l’État en Belgique – – publications since 2009; interface Dutch, French, German and English

Czech Republic

– Bibliografie dějin Českých zemí (BDCZ), Czech Academy of Sciences – – interface Czech, English and German – with also digitized bibliographical yearbooks


– Dansk Historisk Bibliografi, Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen –


– Bibliographie annuelle de l’Histoire de France (BHF), CNRS and Bibliothèque nationale de France – – search interface in English


– Jahresberichte für Deutsche Geschichte (JBG), Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften – – publications 1949-2015; interface German and English
– Jahresberichte für Deutsche Geschichte (JDG), BBAW, Berlin – vol. 1-14 (1925-1938) –
– Historische Bibliographie Online, Oldenburg Wissenschaftsverlag and Arbeitsgemeinschaft historischer Forschungseinrichtungen (AHF) – – publications since 1990, no longer updated since 2015
– Deutsche Historische Bibliographie (DHB), Historicum – – with links to other (regional) bibliographies, and other bibliographic resources – simple search in the top menu bar leads to the beta version of an interface in German and English
Virtuelle Deutsche Landesbibliographie (VDL), Bibliothek, Karlsruhe Institute for Technology – – includes also articles in journals
– Bibliographischer Informationsdienst, Institut für Zeitgeschichte, Munich – – for 20th century history, access after registration, with a PDF-archive


– Humanities Bibliographical Database (Humanus) – – with a section for history; interface Hungarian, English and German
– EHM: Elektronikus Periodika Archivum (EPA) – Humanus – Matarka (for Hungarian journals since 1800) – – a portal with access to Humanus and three other resources, in particular for journals


Íslandssaga í greinum [Icelandic history in articles], Gunnar Karlsson and Gudmundur Jónson, National University Reykjavik – – a database with 13,500 articles, updated until 2005, for some journals until 2015


– Irish History Online, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin – – with links to external resources for Irish history


– Bibliografia Storica Nazionale (dal 2000) (BSN), Giunta Centrale per gli Studi Storici – – publications since 2000; interface Italian, English, German, French and Spanish
– BSN Catalogo Retrospettivo – – interface Italian, English, German, French and Spanish


– Lietuvos Istorijos Bibliografia – – interface Lithuanian and English


– Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Geschiedenis (DBNG), Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague and Huygens Institute, Amsterdam – – interface Dutch and English – no updates after 2016, end of service announced for June 30, 2021
– Historie in Titels (HinT) – – licensed resource, not anymore updated since 2005, originally created at the Universiteit van Amsterdam (UvA) – interface Dutch, English and German


– Historisk bibliografi (Norhist), Nasjonalbiblioteket, Oslo – – for the period 1980-1997


– Bibliografia historii polskiej, Instytut Pamięci Narodowej – – access seems to be currently unsafe or disabled; appears with a notice “offline”


– Indice Histórico Español (IHE), Revistes Cientifiques de la Universitat de Barcelona – – a bibliographical journal
– Modernitas: Bibliografia de Historia Moderna, Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CSIC) –
– Indices, CSIC – – a general scientific bibliography with attention to the humanities; interface Spanish and English


– Svensk Historisk Bibliografi – digital 1771-2010 (SHBd), Kungliga Biblioteket, Stockholm – – also available as an app


– Bibliographie der Schweizergeschichte (BSG), Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek, Bern – – interface German, French, Italian and English

United Kingdom

– Bibliography of British and Irish History (BBIH) – – licensed resource hosted by Brepols