Digital archives

Archives are nowadays almost unthinkable without a website, online catalogues and increasingly also online finding aids and digital collections. However, even when using overviews and repertories it is not easy to get a good view of these collections. Digital image galleries often contain archival records only as one element among other digitized images. Selecting collections with relevance for legal history is not an easy matter, too. Sometimes archives participate in digital portals for the cultural heritage of a town, a region or a specific discipline, subject or theme. You might therefore find relevant information also on my general page for digital collections. Some archival collections are to be found in libraries, and thus you might want to look also at digital libraries. It will not surprise you this page with archives in some 110 countries shows gaps and omissions, but I try to present here at least to the best of my knowledge guides, overviews and portals. Ordening items by continents makes the gaps and the work to do clearer. Comments and suggestions are most welcome!

For one particular subject I have tried elsewhere to provide a fair selection of digital collections. Digital projects for and by archives concerning the First World War can be found at my blog Digital 1418. Some project with sources for and problems in legal history are in a phase of crowdsourcing projects in which the general public is invited to join scholars in transcribing or indexing resources. On the page about palaeography of my site I have listed a number of major platforms for these projects.

On purpose I open here with an overview of existing archives, portal sites and online finding aids, to make you aware of the fact that digital archival collections form only a fraction of the materials kept in archives, preserved, described, put in order and catalogued by archivists. Some of the general overviews are very detailed. Some of the best classic overviews online do not longer exist, except for archived versions. The second section brings you to digitized archival collections. This page might be nothing but just a stepping stone towards a Digital Archives Register, be it on a national, international or thematic level, but without such efforts you cannot start contemplating such enterprises. Having seen some initiatives without clear indication of the URL’s for the end results is another consideration that has convinced me to create at least this page.

It is good to be aware of the differences in archival terminology. I use the word archives for the institutions which hold archival records, and also for archival collections with files stemming from one source, thus forming a fonds as the French would say. I use finding aid and inventory as synonyms. In Dutch the word archief can stand for both the institution and a particular archival collection. In American usage the term manuscript collection can refer to archival records. You can learn much in this respect from the Multilingual Archival Terminology created by the International Council of Archives.

General organizations

Archives in the Netherlands – General sites

For some subjects in Dutch history separate guides to archival sources have been published, many of them also accessible online at the Huygens Institute/ING, here a selection:

Archives worldwide: Overviews and portals – in alphabetical order for countries

General overviews

  • ArchiveGrid, OCLC – the beta-version portal of the firm known for its WorldCat library portal, with currently some 1,000 institutions and their collections, mostly at collection level, but sometimes not, which can cause confusion
  • Archive im Internet, Archivschule Marburg – a generous overview of archives worldwide and many links; interface German and English
  • Repositories of Primary Sources, Terry Abraham, University of Idaho – Internet Archive – this wide ranging overview is no longer maintained since 2015, but the archived version can still be helpful
  • AHA Archives Wiki – Internet Archive – a very helpful website of the American Historical Association, with also directories for countries not covered in it, since January 2018 discontinued
  • Archiefnet, Historisch Centrum Overijssel, Zwolle – until 2016 this website offered a succinct guide to Dutch and Belgian archives and national archives worldwide, with an additional links collection; interface Dutch and English; version January 2015, Internet Archive
  • Find an archive, The National Archives, Kew – with apart from archives and archival repositories in the United Kingdom also a choice of institutions worldwide with holdings concerning the British isles
  • Finding aids, International Institute for Social History, Amsterdam – for searching in well over 900 archival collections at the IISH concerning many countries
  • Virtual Library Labour History: Archives and Libraries, IISH, Amsterdam
  • Social Networks and Archival Context – a combination of biographies, networks and information about relevant archival collections, focusing on their creators
  • Archives and Archival Resources, Hesburgh Libraries, Notre Dame University – a concise guide, with also information about oral history resources and palaeography
  • Fresh from the archives, Dissertation Reviews – concise contributions about research visits to archives and libraries worldwide, both to famous and to less well-known institutions
  • Local Archvies and Libraries Directory, Digital Library for International Research (DLIR) – an overview with some 600 institutions in 15 countries, mainly in Asia

Worldwide

USA and United Kingdom

  • ArchiveFinder, Chadwyck – a licensed database combining ArchivesUSA and NIDS UK/Ireland; luckily there is a successor to the British National Archives Register and similar websites, see below

Continents and countries in alphabetical order:

Africa

Benin

Cabo Verde

Côte d’Ivoire

Egypt

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Kenya

Madagascar

Morocco

  • Archives du Maroc, Rabat – the national archive has a website in Arabic and French

Mozambique

Nigeria

São Tomé and Principe

Senegal

South Africa

Swaziland

Tunesia

America

Latin-America

Argentina

Bahamas

Barbados

Bermuda

Bolivia

Brasil

Canada

Cayman Islands

Chili

Colombia

Costa Rica

Cuba

Curaçao

  • Porta pa Historia, Nationaal Archief, Willemstad – Curaçao is now an independent island within the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvador

Guatemala

Haiti

Jamaica

Mexico

Nicaragua

Panama

Paraquay

Peru

Puerto Rico

Suriname

  • Archievenoverzicht, Nationaal Archief Suriname, Paramaribo – an overview of the collections held in this national archive

Trinidad and Tobago

United States of America

Uruquay

Venezuela

Asia

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bangladesh

Bhutan

  • Druk Gyelyong Pedzö [National Library and Archives of Bhutan], Thimphu – interface Dzongkha and English

China

On the website Resources for the history of the People’s Republic of China you will find a very full list of archives with comments but also other valuable information.

Georgia

Hong Kong

India

Indonesia

Iraq

Israel

Japan

Lebanon

Macau

Malaysia

Mongolia

Nepal

Oman

Pakistan

Philippines

Russia

  • Access to Russian Archives, TICFIA Project, Eastview – free access to a guide for federal and regional archives; search interface English and Russian
  • ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia, International Institute for Social History, Amsterdam – a very useful guide to Russian archives, for example to the Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv drevnikh aktov (RGADA), the Archive of Old Laws
  • The Russian Empire and Soviet Union: A Guide to Manuscripts and Archival Materials in the United States, Steven A. Grant and John H. Brown (eds.) (Boston, MA, 1980) – online as a database (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), in page view or PDF (Library of Congress, European Reading Room)
  • Guides book search, Russian Archives – a database for searching records in a number of Russian archives; interface Russian and English, with transliteration option

For archives in Moscow and St. Petersburg there is the massive guide by Patricia Kennedy Grimstead, Archives in Russia. A Directory and Bibliographic Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St.Petersburg (London, etc., 2016).

Singapore

South-Korea

Sri Lanka

Taiwan

Thailand

Turkey

  • Devlet Arsivleri Genel Müdüdürlügü (National Archives of Turkey) – with the important Ottoman Archives (Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı); interface Turkish, Arabic, English and French

United Arab Emirates

Australia and New Zealand – Oceania

Australia

New Zealand

Oceania

Europe

Albania

Andorra

Austria

Belarus

Belgium

Bosnia-Hercegovina

Bulgaria

  • Archives State Agency, Republic of Bulgaria – the website of the national archives agency; interface Bulgarian and English

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

  • Daisy, Riksarkivet – the search portal of the Danish national archives
  • Øvrige samlinger, Riksarkivet – precisely these “Other collections” contain digitized sources for legal history, in particular for courts and prisons
  • Københavns Stadsarkiv, Copenhagen – the municipal archive
  • Links til arkiver, Historie-Online – a concise overview of Danish archives and several useful portals
  • Arkivvejviser, Arkibas – a database for searching Danish archives, in particular for local history
  • Starbas.net – a portal for searching the online inventories of a number of communal archives

Estonia

  • Ravhusarhiiv, Tallinn – the Estonian national archive; interface Estonian and English

Faroer

Finland

  • Kansallisarkisto (National Archives), Helsinki – interface Finnish, Swedish and English
  • Finna – a search portal for archives, libraries and museums in Finland; interface Finnish, Swedish and English
  • Arkistojen Portti – an archival wiki for Finnish archives; interface Finnish, Swedish and Russian

France

At the portal Criminocorpus you can consult a web version or PDF of the Guide des archives judiciaires et pénitentiaires en France (1800-1958) by Jean-Claude Farcy (1992). The archival guides by Andreas Wilkens, Archivführer Paris 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Zentrale Bestände zu Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft in Archiven und Bibliotheken (Sigmaringen 1997) and Wolfgang Hans Stein, Inventar von Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte in Pariser Archiven und Bibliotheken : Band 2: Archive im Bereich des Verteidigungsministeriums, Archive des Außen- und Finanzministeriums, Stadtpariser Archive und Bibliotheken (Koblenz-Stuttgart 2002) have been digitized by the German Historical Institute in Paris.

Germany

A post by Mareike König (Deutsches Historisches Institut, Paris), Travailler dans les archives allemands at Germano-Fil contains a nutshell guide and a wealth of relevant web links. In 2018 Frank Bischoff contributed a fine guide to German archives at Clio Online. The Bodleian Library in Oxford has a fine guide to archival research in Germany.

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Kosovo

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

  • Lietuvos vyriausiojo archyvaro tamyba (Office of the Ltithuanian State Archivist) – the national archival service with information about all Lithuanian archives; interface Lithuanian and English

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Malta

Moldovia

Montenegro

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Roumania

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Some archival guides are available online as PDF’s, in particular the Guía de los archivos de la Iglesia en España, J.M. Martí Bonet (ed.) (Barcelona 2001) and the Guía de archivos militares españoles (Madrid: Ministerio de Defensa, 2012).

Sweden

  • National Archives Database, Riksarkivet – searching for archives in Sweden; interface Swedish and English; you can also use for state archives the overview of Verksamhetsplatser
  • Rigsarkivet, Stockholm – the Swedish national archive
  • Stadsarkivet Stockholm – the city archives
  • Sondera – a search portal for searching with one action in the Libris library portal, the national archival database and audiovisual documents; interface Swedish and English
  • Kringla, Riksantikvarieämbetet (Swedish National Heritage Board) – a search portal for collections in Swedish museusm, including also archival collections and books

Switzerland

Ukraine

  • Archives in Ukraine – the portal of the state archives; interface Ukranian, Russian and English
  • State Archive of Kiev – the municipal archive ranks with the state archives; interface Ukranian, Russian and English

United Kingdom

See also the printed guide by Janet Foster and Julia Sheppard, British archives. A guide to archive resources in the United Kingdom (4th ed., Basingstoke-New York 2002).

Vatican City

  • Archivio Segreto Vaticano (ASV) – the online overview of archival collections at the ASV in ArchiveGrid is based on the Michigan project (1984-2004), but you will need older printed guides, too; the most recent is by Francis Blouin et alii (eds.), An Inventory and Guide to Historical Documents of the Holy See (Oxford 1998) which incidentally goes beyond the ASV; see also the introduction of the Vatican Film Library, St. Louis University; the 2018 edition of the Indice dei Fondi e relativi mezzi di descrizione e di ricerca dell’Archivio segreto Vaticano is available online (PDF)
  • Archivio storico della Congregazione per la Dottrina della Feda (ACDF) – the archive of the congregation long known as the Sant’Uffizio, the Roman inquitsition, founded in 1542
  • Inventories of archival collections, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana – this great library is home to several archival collections, for example the Chigi and Colonna families, and medieval notaries in Orange

Digital archival collections – in alphabetical order of continents and countries

Worldwide

Africa

Egypt

Liberia

Morocco

  • The Rabat Genizah Project, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, Oregon, and Musée du judaïsme Marocain, Casablanca – digitized Moroccan Jewish documents

Namibia

  • Namibian Digital Archive, Polytechnic of Namibia, Utah Valley University and National Archives of Namibia – digitized archival collections, photographs, films and books

Rwanda

Sierra Leone

  • Sierra Leone Collection, University of Illinois at Chicago – documents concerning the Sierra Leone Company and British actions against slavery in the nineteenth century

South Africa

Sudan

  • Sudan Archive, Durham University Library – papers of officials, documents and Sudan government gazettes

America

  • Our Americas, Rice University, University of Maryland and Instituto Mora (Mexico)

Latin America

Argentina

Brasil

Canada

Chile

Colombia

  • Negros y Esclavos – an online guide to digitized archival records concerning black people and slavery held in four Colombian archives; interface Spanish and English

Cuba

Dominican Republic

Guatemala

  • Digital archive, Archivo Historico de la Policia Nacional, University of Texas at Austin – documents from the periode 1960 to 1990, discovered in 2005

Mexico

Panama

  • Panama and the Canal, University of Florida Libraries and Panama Canal Museum – three digital colletions

Peru

Puerto Rico

Suriname

  • Archieven online, Nationaal Archief Suriname, Paramaribo – 35 digital collections
  • Slavenregisters, Nationaal Archief Suriname and Nationaal Archief, The Hague – slavery registers from the nineteenth century

United States

Asia

  • Asnad: Digital Persian Archives, Zentrum für Nah- und Mittelost-Studien, Philipps-Universität Marburg – digitized documents and deeds from Iran and Central Asia up to the twentieth century; interface English and Farsi
  • Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, National Archives of Japan, Tokyo – interface Japanese, Chinese, Korean and English
  • The Nanking Massacre Project, Divinity Library, Yale University – digitized documents about the events around the Japanese invasion in 1937-1938 of this Chinese city
  • Archives Across Boundaries, National Archives Taiwan – a portal for searching in some 90 digital collections of 36 archives, museums and libraries in Taiwan and Japan; interface Chinese and English

Middle East

China

Hong Kong

  • Online holdings, Governement Record Services – three digital collections and three virtual exhibits
  • Hong Kong Memory – a cultural heritage portal
  • Municipal Council Archives, Hong Kong Public Libraries – some 48,000 digitized archival records of the city council between 1965 and 2000
  • Land Deeds Collection, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library – 160 land deeds and six volumes of fish-scale registers, mid-seventeenth to twentieh century
  • Open Public Records of the UK National Archives, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library – dozens of digitized documents from various series
  • Sheng Xuanhei Archive, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library – documents and transcriptions concerning a very influential merchant and politician (1844-1916) who initiated many projects
  • Elsie Tu Digital Collection, Hong Kong Baptist University – speeches and publications of a scholar who followed closely political and legal developments in Hong Kong
  • HKBU Corpora, Hong Kong Baptist University – two linguistic corpora, Corpus of Political Speeches (1789-2015) and The Chinese/English Political Interpreting Corpus (1997-2017), both speeches from the USA, Hong Kong and China

India

Indonesia

  • Serajah Nusantara: Treasures from the 17th and 18th century VOC Archive, Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia, Jakarta – digitized archival records on the Dutch East India Company
  • Kong Koan Papers, Leiden University Library – some 630 items from the archive of the Kong Koan, the Chinese Council in Early Modern batavia (Jakarta) which acted as a court for minor criminal offences and civil lawsuits between Chinese citizens
  • Sukarno Speeches, Monash University – some 150 speeches held between 1956 and 1966 by the first president of Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

  • Iraqi Jewish Archive, National Archives and Records Administration – in 2003 some 2,700 books and many thousand documents were found in the Iraqi intelligence headquarters, with a virtual exhibit

Japan

Macau

  • Memórias de Macau – a portal for the cultural heritage of Macau, with archival records, books and museal objects; interface Portuguese and Chinese

Nepal

Russia

  • Berestjanye gramoty (Birch bark manuscripts) – one thousand texts, mainly letters from medieval Novgorod between the eleventh and fifteenth century
  • Birchbark letters, Department of Slavic Languages and Literature, University of Chicago – some photographs of the letters, and also image of artifacts and icons
  • Stalin Digital Archive, Yale University Press and Russian State Archive of Social and Political History
  • Документы Советской Эпохи (Documents of the Soviet Era), Russian Federal Archival Agency – the digital archive of the Komintern (Communist International, interface Russian; there is a users guide at Hatful of History

Singapore

South Korea

Taiwan

Tibet

Turkey

Australia and New Zealand

Australia

New Zealand

Europe

Austria

Belgium

  • ‘Belgium’s digital archival treasures: a survey’, Rik Raetschelders, Porta Historica – a fine survey from 2013 with copious comments and direct links
  • Searching the States’ Archives collection – the search portal of the Belgian state archives, with both online inventories and increasingly digitized items
  • Archiefbank Brugge, Stadsarchief Brugge (Bruges) – access to finding aids and some digitized collections [First World War ordinances and proclamations], see also the heritage portal Erfgoed Brugge
  • Scabinatus 4000, Archives de l’État de Liège – a project of the Université de Liège to digitize a series of régistres des échevins, aldermen’s registers from 1409 to 1797; the years 1409 to 1510 are already accessible
  • Itinera Nova, Stadsarchief Leuven – in cooperation with the University of Cologne aldermen’s registers from 1365 to 1792 are transcribed and digitized
  • Registers of the Raad van Vlaanderen, Rijksarchief te Gent – 329 digitized registers with acts and sentences of this court, active between 1386 and 1795

Croatia

  • Digitalni arhiv, Hrvatski državni arhiv, Zagreb – digital archival collections of the Croatian national archives
  • Pisana baština [Written heritage], Regional Archive Zadar and Universität Graz – a project for the digitization of manuscripts and archival records, some of them in Glagolitic script; there is an accompanying virtual exhibition

Czech Republic

  • Digitalni badatelna, Národni archiv – digital collections of the Czech national archives; interface Czech and English
  • Digital archive, Moravý zemský archiv v Brne, Brno
  • Digitální archiv, Statni oblastni archiv v Treboni (Regional State Archive Trebon) – interface Czech, English and German
  • Václav Havel Library – a documentation center with a digital library and archive; interface Czech and English
  • Thomas G. Masaryk Papers, University of Pittsburgh Libraries – 22 archival documents from the years 1918-1919 concerning the beginnings of the Czech Republic

Denmark

  • ArkivDK – a database leading you to finding aids of Danish archives and where present also digitized materials
  • Arkivalieronline, Rigsarkivet – searching for and looking at digitized records from the Danish national archives; interface Danish and English
  • Kilder på nettet, Københavns Stadtarchiv – digitized police registers and much more from Copenhagen; note the nifty multilingual interface
  • The Danish West-Indies, Rigsarkivet – 5 million scans of documents concerning 250 years of Danish presence in the Caribbean, in particular on the Virgin Islands
  • Dansk Kulturarv – a platform for digitized materials concerning cultural heritage from several Danish institutions, including the Rigsarkivet

Estonia

  • SAAGA, Ravhusarhiiv, Tartu – the portal for digitized archival records of the Estonian national archive; interface Estonian and English
  • Virtual Reading Room, Ravhusarhiiv, Tartu – a variety of digital resources and databases; interface Estonian and English

Finland

  • Finna – the portal for (digital) collections of Finnish archives, museums and libraries
  • Kansallisarkiston Digitaaliarkistoon – digital archival collections of the Finnish National Archives; interface Finnish, Swedish and English

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

  • Hungaricana – at this portal you will find several archival collections, with medieval charters, documents from Budapest, royal letters and decrees, a census from 1767 and much more
  • Hungarian Archives Portal – quick access to digitized resources, with also a bibliography; interface Hungarian, English and German
  • Adatbasizokonline (Databases Online) – a portal to online archival databases with overviews for categories and repositories, and for subjects; interface in five languages
  • Budapest Fóváros Levéltára (Budapest City Archive) – with a number of digitized archival collections (criminal procedures, notarial deeds, inheritance cases); interface Hungarian, English and German

Iceland

  • Stafrænar heimildir (Digital resources), National Archives of Iceland – a wide choice of digitized archival records; interface Icelandic, Danish and English
  • Einkasjöl – electronic archival records at the National and University Library of Iceland; interface Icelandic and English

Ireland

Italy

Lithuania

  • Pergamentu kolecija, Martynas Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania – digitized medieval charters, with a number of papal documents; interface Lithuanian and English

Netherlands – more can be found at my Old Dutch Law page

  • Ga het NA, Nationaal Archief, Den Haag – the search portal of the Dutch national archives; increasingly digitized items are added to the online inventories, among them for example a series of the “Prize Papers” from the High Court of Admiralty kept at Kew and many Dutch East India Company records
  • Zoek Akten (Search Acts) – a genealogical portal bringing you mainly to digitized civil status records, often the microflims created for FamilySearch; this site has stopped, however, you can visit for similar purposes Wie WasWie and Open Archieven
  • Boedelbank, Meertens Instituut/KNAW, Amsterdam – a searchable database for the texts of Early Modern house inventories from four Dutch regions showing the movable goods and belongings of deceased persons
  • RemDoc: Rembrandt Documents, Huygens Institute, The Hague and Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen – a database with transcribed documents concerning or mentioning Rembrandt van Rijn, a lot of them are legal documents
  • BoschDoc, Huygens Institute and Radboud University – a similar project with records concerning the life and work of Jheronimus Bosch
  • The Amboyna Conspiracy Trial, Monash University – a digital collection – also for educational use – about a case confronting the Dutch and English at the island Ambon in the Indonesian archipelago in 1623
  • Digitale Charterbank Nederland, Huygens Institute – a tool for searching among some 170,000 charters in Dutch archives, increasingly with images and sometimes transcriptions
  • Charterbank, Regionaal Archief Tiburg – 78 late medieval charters with transcriptions and summaries

Norway

  • Digitalarkivet, Arkivverket – the digital archive of the Norwegian governmental archives, with also a small but interesting digital library; interface Norse and English
  • DigitaltMuseum – at this portal for digitized museal collections you can find also some collections of archives
  • Oslo Byarkiv – the digital archive of the municipal archives in Oslo

Poland

  • Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe (National Digital Archive) – audiovisual materials and archival records from the Polish State Archives; interface Polish and English
  • Szukajwarchiwach – searching online for some 23 million digitized archival records in Polish archives; interface Polish, English and German
  • Archiwum Akt Nowych – an archive in Warsaw for 20th-century archival records
  • Archiwum Główne Akt Dawnych w Warzawie (Central Archive of Historical Records in Warsaw) – a search interface for a number of digitized collections in Warsaw
  • Lubelskie Archiwum Cyfrowe (Digital Archive Lublin) – documents from a city archive
  • Archiwa Prezolumu 1989-1991 (Archives of the Breakthrough) – digitized records about the Polish revolution around 1990 and the role of Solidarnosc
  • ArchiwaOnline, Diocese of Radom – digitized parish registers, also for other Polish dioceses, and also for records at Lviv and Vilnius

Portugal

Rumania

  • Arhiva Medievalâ României – an international project for the digitization of medieval documents, as for now already some 55,000 documents

San Marino

  • Antichi documenti, Archivio di Stato – access after registration; interface Italian

Spain

  • Portal de Archivos Españoles (PARES) – searching using the tree structure at this portal for Spanish online inventories and digitized archival records – and manuscripts – can be daunting, but most rewarding, too; many collections are important for Latin-American history, and there are a lot of sub-domains – the online guide Taming PARES by Scott Cave and Ashleigh Dean is a must-read to unlock all riches
  • Catastro de Ensenada, Archivo General de Simancas – between 1750 and 1754 a massive effort was made for a census of Castille documenting people, their situation and possessions
  • Patrimonio documental: Archivo fondo 1834-1923, Senato de España
  • Fondos documentales, Archivos Históricos de la Región de Murcia – digitized medieval charters, acts of collegiate charters and socio-economic documents
  • Arxius en línia, Departament de Cultura, Generalitat de Catalunya – searching for digitized materials in a number of Catalan archives
  • Pergamins, Biblioteca de Catalunya, Barcelona – 15,000 digitized charters
  • Fons històric de l’Hospital de la Santa Creu, Biblioteca de Catalunya, Barcelona – archival records of a hospital founded in 1401
  • Expediciones a Indias, Biblioteca Virtual de la Defensa – a selection of digitized archival records concerning the Spanish empire in the Americas upto the struggles for independence
  • Spanish Legal Documents (15th-19th centuries), Library of Congress – some 1,700 documents, among them for example briefs and legal opinions

Sweden

Switzerland

United Kingdom

Vatican City

  • Atti ufficiali della Santa Sede – a digital collection with the officials acts in the Acta Sanctae Sedis (1865-1908), the Acta Apostolicae Sedis from 1909 onwards, and acts and documents concerning the Vatican during the Second World War
  • Archivi, Digital Vatican Library – not only manuscripts are being digitized these years, also items from several archival collections held by this library, such as the Archivio Capitulare di San Pietro

More links